The history of makeup dates back to the earliest human civilizations. Human beings might have started cleaning, grooming and decorating their bodies, soon after they began staying in permanent dwellings. They used various substances direct from the nature, such as bird's feathers and animal bones. The purpose behind this was perhaps to attract the opposite sex or to appear different from other tribes or to warn the enemies by outstanding bodily display. The idea has not change much in today's context! In recent times also, people do use natural and manufactured substances, which are known cosmetics for cleansing, beautifying, grooming, altering and enhancing their bodies in order to feel and look good, for display purpose, for seeking attention, and for professional purpose such as appearance in films, television, theatre and modeling.

Makeup industry is the latest fast growing industry today. A new breed of professionals related to this field has developed in order to meet the increasing demands. These professionals include makeup artists, beauticians, cosmetologists, hairstylists,
tattoo artists, masseurs, cosmetic surgeons, marketers and cosmetics product developers and many more. More and more, along with the beauty salons, hair salons, spas, health resorts, cosmetics companies and wedding studios, there are a number of makeup schools grown up to prepare students as professional makeup artists. The makeup artists usually work as freelancers, and find occupations in beauty salons, film and television studios and theaters.

The typical makeup programs taught in makeup artist school, include subjects covering all aspects of beauty and corrective makeup, high fashion photographic makeup, hair styling, airbrushing, the wedding business, the psychology of beauty, theatrical/live performance makeup and television/film makeup. There are also a number of special programs for students, especially who want to work in the film industry. The subjects included in such programs include full head life casting, designing and designs, sculpting (mold making), application of prosthetics, foam rubber and silicone casting, drawing and sculpting techniques, head casting, full body casting, multi-piece molding, and seaming foam, and many more.