Training and vocational schools refer to those educational institutions that provide practical and vocational skills and knowledge related to a specific competency, trade, occupation or profession to its students. Typically, training schools do provide materials and equipment that are used in actual situations. These are the materials and equipment that an individual will have to face at his/her workplace. On the other hand, vocational schools teach students how to do a certain job and the skills needed for a given career.

Both the types of schools are often operated by different federal departments, like the Department of Labor, the Department of Education, and the Department of Health and Human Services. Usually, all of these government institutions provide programs especially for welfare recipients, poor adults and youth, and workers who have lost their jobs. Apart, there are also many private training and vocational schools operated by private colleges and universities, where those students are allowed who cannot afford to study full-time or for workers who need additional
skills for mastery of their craft, certification and licensure, or for promotion.

Training schools do provide different programs. There are generally two types of training- on-the-job and off-the-job. In on-the-job training, students are required to perform in normal working conditions, while off-the-job training is done outside of the working area or in classrooms for students, so that the students concentrate more on the training itself.

Vocational schools also do the things almost same way as training schools. Here, the students are prepared for jobs using manuals and practical activities which are related to specific trade, occupation or vocation. A few examples of vocational school programs include:
  • Auto repair technician/mechanic
  • Bookkeeping
  • Carpentry
  • Child day care management
  • Computer programming
  • Cooking and catering
  • Criminal justice
  • Dental assistant
  • Electrician
  • Floral design
  • Medical transcription
  • PC repair and maintenance
  • Photography
  • Plumbing
  • Veterinary assistant or technician
  • Website design